The More Important Thai Alphabets

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Remembering Thai alphabets can be overwhelming, but if you wish to be an independent Thai learner, you will have to get it done in the beginning. In order to ease your pain, here is a list of the important alphabets. The alphabets that are not mentioned here are often found in common names, which you focus on when you reach the intermediate level.

How to use this list:

  • Draw the Thai alphabets in your notebook. Always start with drawing the loop.
  • -AW represents the sound that Thai pronounce after the initial sound
  • Besides remembering the initial sound, it is important to remember the final sound as well. For example: in the word อาหาร which means food, it is read อ (a) -า (aa) ห (h) -า (aa) ร (n because the consonant Raw Rua occurs at the final position of the sound so it creates the sound n instead of r). The word food is then read aa-haan.
Gaw Gai (chicken) Kaw Kai (egg) Kaw Kwaii (buffalo) Ngaw Ngoo (snake) Jaw Jaan 


Initial g/ final k k/k k/k Ng/ng j/t
Chaw Ching 


Chaw Chang (elephant) Saw So 


Yaw Ying 

(puuying -woman)

Naw Nen (young monk)
ch/t ch/t s/t y/n n/n
Daw Dek (child) Dtaw Dtao (turtle) Taw Tung (sack/bag) Taw Ta-haan (solider) Taw Tong (flag)
d/t dt/t t/t t/t t/t
Naw Noo (mouse) Baw Baimai (leaf) Bpaw Bplaa (fish) Paw Pung (bee) Faw Faa (wall)
n/n b/p bp/p p/p f/p
Paw Paan(tray) Faw Fun (tooth) Maw Maa(horse) Yaw Yuk (giant) Raw rua (boat)
p/p f/p m/m y/n r/n
Law Ling (monkey) Waw Wan (ring) Saw Sua (tiger) Haw heep (chest) Aw Aang (basin)
l/n w/w s/t h/doesn’t come at the end) Read like a vowel